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Opioid use disorder and employee work presenteeism, absences, and health care costs

Authors: Rachel Mosher Henke , David Ellsworth, Lauren Wier, Jane Snowdon Photo by Michael Longmire on Unsplash Objective: To measure the prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) and employee health care and productivity costs with and without OUD and to assess whether utilization of pharmacotherapy for OUD reduces those costs. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 2016 to 2017 commercial enrollment, health care, and pharmacy claims and health risk assessment data using the IBM MarketScan Databases (Ann Arbor, MI). We estimated regression models to assess the association between OUD and annual employee health care and productivity costs. Results: Health care and productivity cos

Managing occupational sleep-related fatigue

Working Time Society consensus statements: A multi-level approach to managing occupational sleep-related fatigue Authors: Imelda S. Wong, Stephen Popkin, and Simon Folkard Photo by Matthew Henry from Burst A substantial body of literature indicates that shift workers have a significantly higher risk of workplace accidents and injuries, compared to workers in regular daytime schedules. This can be attributed to work during nights which require workers to stay awake during normal sleeping hours and sleep during natural waking hours, leading to circadian desynchronization, sleep disruption and cognitive impairment. A fatigue-risk trajectory model developed by Dawson and McCulloch has been used

 

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